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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

FONSECA, José Ronivon et al. Body Mass Index and associated factors in climacteric women. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2018, vol.17, n.49, pp.1-35.  Epub Jan 01, 2018. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.17.1.271551.

Goal

To identify the association between body mass index and sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, eating habits, anthropometric measurements and clinical factors of climacteric women assisted in Health Strategies of Montes Claros.

Methods

This is a cross-sectional, analytical epidemiological study with a sample of 874 perimenopausal women selected by simple random sampling. Sociodemographic data, lifestyle, eating habits, and clinical, obstetrical and gynecological factors were collected through standardized questionnaires, in addition to performing anthropometric assessment. The bivariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test.

Results

The results showed high prevalence of obesity (36.0%) and overweight (38.1%), as well as associations between body mass index and the the type of school attended (p = 0.009), smoking (p = 0.023), treatment for weight loss (p = 0.000), anthropometric measurements (p = 0.000) and clinical factors (p = 0.000).

Conclusion

We conclude that educational interventions to correct or improve the anthropometric profile may result in benefits for the health of climacteric women, since the presence of obesity and overweight was high, and lifestyle habits, anthropometric and clinical factors present themselves associated to morbidity.

Keywords : Body Mass Index; Climacteric; Family Health Strategy.

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