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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

MORAES, Danielle Chianca de Andrade et al. Knowledge of people living with HIV/Aids about Antiretroviral Therapy. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2018, vol.17, n.49, pp.96-141.  Epub Jan 01, 2018. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.17.1.274001.

In order to analyze the knowledge of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) on antiretroviral therapy (ART), a descriptive, cross-sectional study with quantitative approach was carried out in the Specialized Care Services (SCS) in the municipalities of Caruaru and Garanhuns - PE, Brazil. A total of 256 PLWHA took part in the study. Data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics l. It was found that the majority of respondents were male; aged 30-49 years. Only 56 PLWHA had completed high school/higher education. It was noticed that age group, religion, education and family income are significantly associated (p0.05) with the level of knowledge about ART. As to the knowledge on antiretroviral action, 27.7% did not know or erroneously responded that the medication acts completely destroying the HIV. Regarding the indication of ART, 82% said that it is indicated for the control of the virus. As to the duration of treatment, 12.5% mentioned that it lasts until the normal examination results are obtained. In relation to knowledge about the precautions with the use of other drugs, 25% said that they can make use of any medicine without medical advice. Gastrointestinal and psychiatric adverse effects were the most common (69.1% and 39.8%). We conclude that knowledge on therapy is an aspect that can contribute to poor adherence and that it represents an issue to be worked by health professionals working in the SCSs.

Keywords : HIV; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Anti-retroviral Agents; Patient´s Knowledge on Medication.

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