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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

GARCIA-GUILLAMON, Gloria et al. Anxiety among caregivers of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease after hospital discharge. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2018, vol.17, n.49, pp.164-184.  Epub Jan 01, 2018. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.17.1.280741.

Objective:

To identify the factors that influence changes in caregivers anxiety status three months after discharge for acute exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Methodology:

Longitudinal study. Participants included 87 caregivers of patients hospitalized for acute exacerbation of COPD. Anxiety was measured at the time of hospitalization and three months after discharge. We measured factors from four domains: context of care, caregiving demands, caregiver resources, and patient characteristics. We used multiple univariate and multivariate logistic regressions to determine changes in anxiety three months later. Univariate and multivariate multiple logistic regressions were used to determine changes in anxiety three months later.

Results:

A total of 57.5% of caregivers reported anxiety at the time of hospitalization. Of these, 44% had a remission of their anxiety three months after discharge. However, 22% of caregivers who had not experienced anxiety at the hospitalization became anxious at 3 months. The severity of COPD and not receiving help from another caregiver decreased the likelihood of remission of anxiety. Moderately high overload increases the likelihood of experiencing anxiety symptoms.

Conclusions:

The perception of anxious symptoms is dynamic. Caregivers are likely to recover from anxiety when they receive help from another caregiver and if the patient they are caring for does not have severe COPD.

Keywords : Anxiety; Caregivers; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Family Care; Exacerbations.

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