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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

HERNANDEZ MARTINEZ, Eva Kerena; CALIXTO OLALDE, Mª. Gloria  and  ALVAREZ AGUIRRE, Alicia. Interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in adolescents: a systematic review. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2018, vol.17, n.49, pp.529-549.  Epub Jan 01, 2018. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.17.1.284891.

Objective

To synthesize and evaluate the scientific evidence available during the 2006-2016 period regarding interventions that have been made to reduce alcohol consumption among adolescents.

Materials and methods

a search was conducted in EBSCO, PubMed, Science Direct, Scielo Redalyc and Google academic, delineated to ten years, 61 articles were included that met the inclusion criteria. DeCS and mesh descriptors were used, using words keys for the search of the studies in Spanish and English and the bolean operators AND and OR.

Results

the level of evidence found was 2 (3%), 3 (3%), 4 (34.4%) and 5 (55.7%). 8.1% of the RCTs adhered to the CONSORT, 60.6% of the interventions were directed only to adolescents, the application scenario was 59% in school, while 34.4% received the intervention through multimedia elements and / or the Internet, at 74.1 % were given general knowledge about alcohol consumption, 18% mentioned having performed the intervention between 2 and 20 sessions, 31% followed up between 1 and 8 months after giving the treatment; 16.3% gave reinforcements and 95% of the studies showed decreased alcohol consumption among adolescents.

Conclusions

Interventions in adolescents regarding alcohol consumption are complex, due to the stage in which the study subject is. Analyzing the general panorama of the interventions over time allows to show the evolution of the approach to this phenomenon of interest for science.

Keywords : adolescents; intervention; alcohol consumption.

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