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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

GOMEZ DIAZ, Magdalena  and  JIMENEZ GARCIA, María. Emotional intelligence, resilience and self-esteem in disabled and non-disabled people. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2018, vol.17, n.50, pp.263-283.  Epub Apr 01, 2018. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.17.2.291381.

Introduction

Emotional intelligence, resilience and self-esteem are concepts related to personal development. People who have physical disabilities, the perception of the different situations that have to face may influence emotions and behavior.

Objective

Analyze the differences or similarities between people with disabilities and without disabilities in the field of emotional intelligence, resilience and self-esteem.

Methodology

Type descriptive, transversal and prospective, quantitative study using the scales of the emotional intelligence TMMS-24, the scale of the Resilience CD-RISC10 and the scale of the Rosenberg self-esteem, with a total of 100 participants.

Results

Persons with physical disabilities present mean statistically higher on emotional intelligence and resilience, although regarding self-esteem people without disabilities have an upper mean.

Discussion

Different authors have shown that emotions play a fundamental role in the well-being of individuals. In the case of diseases that involve physical disability, affect different aspects of the life of people, therefore even good emotional management is necessary most to avoid that the person may suffer greater consequences physical and/or emotional.

Findings

Persons with physical disability have adequate levels of emotional intelligence in its different dimensions, developing coping strategies that enable them to cope with such difficulties. The self-esteem of people with physical disabilities is weakened by the low perception of independent control.

Keywords : Emotional intelligence; resilience; self-esteem; physical disability.

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