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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

JACOME DE LIMA, Carla Lidiane et al. Risk screening for Diabetes Mellitus development in users of Basic Health Care. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2018, vol.17, n.52, pp.97-136.  Epub 01-Oct-2018. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.17.4.307521.

Objective

To identify the risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in users of the basic health care network.

Method

A cross-sectional, descriptive study with a quantitative approach, consisting of 266 users enrolled in family health units, two instruments were used. The first, a questionnaire composed of sociodemographic variables: sex, age, marital status, schooling. The second, the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score scale. For analysis, inferential statistics were used, with the calculation of crude prevalence ratios with 95% confidence interval.

Results

Low risk was found in 43 (16.2%) of the interviewees and the very high risk found in 4 (1.5%). The majority of the participants presented a slightly elevated risk 83 (31.2%). There was a statistically significant association in the prevalence of risk factors: increased age, overweight, obesity, increased abdominal circumference, physical inactivity, unusual intake of vegetables and fruits, use of hypertension medication, personal history of hyperglycemia and family history of type diabetes mellitus 2.

Conclusion

The study showed that all the investigators presented some risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and that several risk factors were present in them, thus justifying the importance of screening as a preventive action.

Palabras clave : Nursing; Diabetes Mellitus; Diabetes Mellitus Type 2; Risk Factors; Primary Health Care; Public Health.

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