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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


FRANCISCO, Márcio Tadeu Ribeiro et al. The diagnostic testing for HIV among carnival participants. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2019, vol.18, n.53, pp.134-182.  Epub Oct 14, 2019. ISSN 1695-6141.


To identify the adherence and describe the factors associated with the realization of HIV testing among carnival participants.


Cross-sectional study with 557 participants. Data were collected using a questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was performed and a chi-square test was used, with a significance level of 95%.


Among participants, 66.2% had been tested for HIV at least once in life, 54.2% had been tested in the last 12 months, and 83.8% had never taken the rapid test. There was a statistically significant association (p < 0.05) of HIV testing with the variables gender, age group, relationship, sexual practice with same-sex partners, registration in Basic Care Units and knowledge about health services that perform the free HIV testing.


Issues related to social, cultural, gender, and health access aspects showed to be more effective in stimulating testing than exposure to risky sexual practices.

Keywords : HIV; HIV serodiagnosis; diagnosis of health situation in specific groups; health services accessibility; community health sursing.

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