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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

FRANCISCO, Márcio Tadeu Ribeiro et al. The diagnostic testing for HIV among carnival participants. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2019, vol.18, n.53, pp.134-182.  Epub 14-Oct-2019. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.18.1.306001.

Objective:

To identify the adherence and describe the factors associated with the realization of HIV testing among carnival participants.

Method:

Cross-sectional study with 557 participants. Data were collected using a questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was performed and a chi-square test was used, with a significance level of 95%.

Results:

Among participants, 66.2% had been tested for HIV at least once in life, 54.2% had been tested in the last 12 months, and 83.8% had never taken the rapid test. There was a statistically significant association (p < 0.05) of HIV testing with the variables gender, age group, relationship, sexual practice with same-sex partners, registration in Basic Care Units and knowledge about health services that perform the free HIV testing.

Conclusion:

Issues related to social, cultural, gender, and health access aspects showed to be more effective in stimulating testing than exposure to risky sexual practices.

Palabras clave : HIV; HIV serodiagnosis; diagnosis of health situation in specific groups; health services accessibility; community health sursing.

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