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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

HERNANDEZ CANTU, Enoc Isaí  y  MALDONADO SAUCEDO, Margarita. Quality of life in patients with kidney disease with different treatments in a second level of attention hospital in Nuevo León. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2019, vol.18, n.53, pp.255-280.  Epub 14-Oct-2019. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.18.1.322491.

Introduction:

The chronic kidney disease it is an illness with severe consequences for who suffers it. The dialysis, main renal substitute treatment, in its different modalities, invades the quality of life of the patient and his family.

Objective:

To determine if significant differences of quality of life exist among the patients that receive dialysis or hemodialysis in a hospital of second level of attention in Nuevo León.

Method:

A quantitative focus study, with a qualitative section. It was a trasversal, prospective, and comparative design. Of a total of 634 patients in kidney substitute treatment, a probabilistic sampling of 241 was obtained. Through a random selection, the patients were interviewed with instrument validated for quality of life and the 20 subject with more time of treatment were interviewed by means of qualitative method.

Results:

The peritoneal dialysis allows a better quality of life that the hemodialysis in aspects like a smaller limitation in the feeding, bigger work capacity at home, freedom to travel, less nervous tension, a better sexual life and a better physical aspect.

Conclusions:

To work the different areas that conform the quality of life, could contribute considerably to elevate their levels. The current focus of the nephrology is only centered in the physical dimension, but we can conclude that there are other factors that conform and they influence about the life and the health.

Palabras clave : Chronic kidney disease; quality of life; peritoneal dialysis; hemodialysis.

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