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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

CID HENRIQUEZ, Patricia; SANHUEZA ALVARADO, Olivia; MERINO, José Manuel  and  SAEZ CARRILLO, Katia. Effect of structured nursing intervention on smoking cessation in smoking women. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2019, vol.18, n.53, pp.281-303.  Epub Oct 14, 2019. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.18.1.315761.

Introduction:

Tobacco consumption is associated with an increase in female morbidity and mortality. This habit also implies deterioration in the quality of life related to health. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of a structured intervention that motivated women to reduce their daily consumption of cigarettes and improve their quality of life.

Method:

Experimental design with pre-test-post-test and control group with allocation of the groups at random. Out of 120 people, the two groups were approved with five characteristics. The sample was homologated again because the home interview was answered by only 64 people. The intervention group consisted of 10 women between 18 and 65 years old from the Bio-Bio region, and the control group by 20 women. A semi-structured questionnaire with sociodemographic characteristics, test, questionnaires and scales that measured the variables associated with consumption, and subjective and behavioral guidelines, with prior informed consent, was applied. The structured intervention consisted of: active learning methods, counseling with emphasis on strengthening the perception of self-efficacy.

Results:

The difference of means in time and the difference of means between the groups (treatment group and control group) is of almost 5 cigarettes (4,8). This interaction (time-group) results has a level of significance less than one in ten thousand.

Conclusions:

This intervention requires periodic reinforcement to achieve smoking cessation and affect the quality of life related to health of women with smoking.

Keywords : Intervention; quality of life; Smoking habit; women.

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