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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

MARTINEZ-SANTOS, Alba-Elena et al. School Nursing: contents and perceptions about its relevance in inclusive schools. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2019, vol.18, n.56, pp.291-323.  Epub Dec 23, 2019. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.18.4.344611.

Introduction

The School Nursing service has existed in many countries around the world for decades. In Spain, the presence of Nursing in schools is isolated and not uniformly regulated. The promotion of health and Health Education plays a key role in students’ current health.

Objective

To determine experts’ degree of consensus on public and child and youth health in terms of aspects related to School Nursing, with the aim of establishing the priority contents that should be developed in the care giving function and in Health Education.

Materials and methods

A two-round prospective study with a qualitative approach (the Delphi method), based on a sample of 17 experts. An online baseline questionnaire was prepared, asking for opinions and proposals on School Nursing. The second round included the response percentages and proposals subject to prioritization by means of expert assessment and consensus.

Results

Most endorse some type of physical presence of nurses in schools, which would contribute to improving educational inclusion and attention to diversity. Its role in the promotion of health and prevention, early identification of diseases, and attention to mental health is pointed out.

Conclusions

The school environment should be taken into account as a new and differentiated operating environment for Nursing. Nursing staff becomes a necessary innovation agent in school health, looking after the entire educational community (students, teachers and family).

Keywords : School Nursing Services; Health Education; Research in Nursing Education; School Health; Public Health.

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