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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

GUEVARA VALTIER, Milton Carlos et al. Food Addiction and Nutritional Status in Adolescents of a Public High School in Mexico. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2020, vol.19, n.58, pp.1-20.  Epub 18-Mayo-2020. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/eglobal.370021.

Objective

To know the prevalence of food addiction according to age, sex, and body mass index and to determine the association between food addiction and nutritional status in adolescents from northern México.

Method

Cross-sectional study with a descriptive and correlational design, carried out during August and September 2018; the study population was comprised by 630 adolescents, students, ranging from 15 to 17 years of age, from a public high school in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Anthropometric measurements were taken and the Yale Food Addiction Scale questionnaire was used.

Results

A sample of 245 adolescents predominantly female (53.1%), with a mean age of 15.83 years; mean body mass index was 23.18 kg/mt2 (S = 3.74) in males and 24.57 kg/mt2 (S = 4.00) in females; 87.8% of adolescents showed positive to the frustrated desire to stop consumption criterion, 36.3% tolerance, and 34.3% consumption despite the consequences; 20.7% of overweight adolescents showed food addiction.

Conclusions

The majority of adolescents showed normal weight, while women showed a body mass index (BMI) higher than men; less than half of the participants had food addiction; positive criteria prevailed in women, and adolescents with overweight and obesity, and older. No association was found between food addiction and nutritional status.

Palabras clave : Food Intake and Eating Disorders; Food Addiction; Adolescent; Addictive Behavior; Nutritional Status; Obesity.

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