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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

SPRINGER, Sonia Regina Aguiar Souza et al. Profile of the patient with gastric cancer of the National Cancer Institute. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2020, vol.19, n.58, pp.21-67.  Epub 18-Mayo-2020. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/eglobal.373021.

Objective

Search and analyze the profile of patients with gastric cancer enrolled in the National Cancer Institute, José de Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA), and the most prevalent nursing diagnoses.

Methodology

A sectional study developed at the Cancer Hospital I - INCA, approved by CEP-INCA, with a sample of secondary data from 649 patients admitted from October 1, 2015 to April 18, 2018. Data were analyzed by R® software - version 3.4 .4. In the Chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests. The level of significance of 5% was adopted.

Results

The average age was 62.74 years, ranging from 21 years to 96 years. 35.29% of patients had advanced disease. Low adenocarcinoma was the most prevalent (42.52%). Signal ring cells were present in 32.05% of the patients. The diffuse type was highlighted (17.72%). There was predominance of involvement of the middle third of the stomach (29.74%). Hypothesis tests have shown that the staging versus death and color versus death variables maintain a relationship of dependence. The variables age versus death and age versus the presence of the Sinete ring present a distinct distribution among them, which means that the first variable can influence the second. The most prevalent nursing diagnoses were present in 100% of the sample and were in congruence with the profile of the clientele identified.

Conclusion

The epidemiological profile of a population is of great value to guide the health policies of a country, to the internal institutional planning and to guide the assistance actions of the multiprofessional teams.

Palabras clave : Gastric neoplasms; Nursing Oncology; Ambulatory care; Epidemiological studies; Nursing diagnosis; Nursing.

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