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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

RUBIO LABORDA, Juan Francisco; ALMANSA MARTINEZ, Pilar; NAVARRO HENAREJOS, José Vicente  y  PASTOR BRAVO, María del Mar. Study of cultural differences in violent intimate partner relationships in Spain and Peru. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2020, vol.19, n.58, pp.198-225.  Epub 18-Mayo-2020. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/eglobal.364641.

Objective

To examine intimate partner violence in relation to culture, age and educational level of those involved.

Methodology

A descriptive cross-sectional study involving a sample of 130 subjects, randomly selected through non-probabilistic sampling by quotas, in Spain and Peru (53 men and 77 women). An evaluation of violent intimate partner relationships was undertaken using a tool known as the "Traffic Light of Gender Violence".

Results

Significant association was found between countries and the items related to the control of dress and outings, punishment by indifference, jealousy, overprotection and control by means of the mobile phone. On the other hand, formal education generates a decrease in gender violence suffered in women. With regard to age, males between 25 and 30 years of age show a significant increase in verbal violence and sexual coercion.

Conclusion

Cultural and traditional rules can affect intimate partner violence. Therefore, they should be considered when educating for equality in order to elaborate new social constructs, focusing particularly on women with low levels of formal education (because they are more vulnerable to gender violence) and on men of the age group that tends to use it more.

Palabras clave : intimate partner violence; gender violence; culture; sexism.

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