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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

MAGALHAES, Juliana Macêdo et al. Nursing care to the autistic child: an integrative review. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2020, vol.19, n.58, pp.531-559.  Epub 18-Mayo-2020. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/eglobal.356741.

Introduction

The Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) configures a neurodevelopmental disorder that involves social interaction, communication and behavior identified generally in pre-school children. The nursing professionals must perform the management and monitoring of the autistic child.

Objective

To examine the scientific evidence about nursing care to the autistic child.

Methodology

An integrative review of the literature, held in databases: CINAHL, Web of Science and LILACS databases using the search terms: “Nursing Care”, “Child”, “Child, Preschool”, “Autistic Disorder” and “Autism Spectrum Disorder”. There were included articles published between the period of 2013 to 2017 in Portuguese, Spanish and English.

Resulted

The articles included were presented in summary Table and the analysis of the results was performed descriptively presenting the synthesis of studies through comparisons and highlight of differences and/or similarities. It was identified that is basic to nursing to have empathy, holistic vision and knowledge to perform singular assistance and of quality for the child and family.

Conclusion

Nursing uses the empathy, holistic view and different strategies for the care to the autistic child; however, the professionals refer difficulties in clinical practice. The publications on the subject are scarce being necessary the development of clinical research.

Palabras clave : Nursing care; Child; Preschool Student; Autistic Spectrum Disorder.

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