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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa)

versión impresa ISSN 1698-4447

Resumen

VELASCO ORTEGA, Eugenio et al. Temporomandibular disorders among schizophrenic patients: A case-control study. Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Ed.impr.) [online]. 2005, vol.10, n.4, pp.315-322. ISSN 1698-4447.

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (tmd) in schizophrenic patients compared with control patients. Patients and methods. 50 schizophrenic patients attended in the Psychiatric Unit at the Virgen Macarena Universitary Hospital of Seville were compared with 50 control patients (without systemic diseases, and drugs) attended in the School of Dentistry of Seville. TMD were assessed according to the WHO criteria. Results and Discusion. 32% of schizophrenic patients showed symptoms of TMD, clicking (24%) and self-correcting blocking (8%); compared with 8% (sounds) of control patients. Significantly, these differences support that TMD are most prevalent in patients with mental disorders. Prevalence of TMD are not related with age of patients.TMD are more frequent among male patients in both groups. There are not relationship between TMD and prosthodontic status. Clinical findings of this study showed a significantly tendency between TMD with a highest number of missing teeth in control patients. Conclusions. Schizophrenic patients constitute a high risk population for TMD because showed a more prevalence and severity of TMD.

Palabras clave : Temporomandibular disorders; schizophrenic patients; temporomandibular joint; mental disorders; case-control study.

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