Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
versión On-line ISSN 1698-6946
MONTOYA PEREZ, Luis A.; ARENAS SORDO, María de la Luz; HERNANDEZ ZAMORA, Edgar y ALDAPE BARRIOS, Beatriz C.. Oral pathology in a group of Mexican patients with genetic diseases. Med. oral patol. oral cir.bucal (Internet) [online]. 2007, vol.12, n.2, pp.92-95. ISSN 1698-6946.
Without considering infectious and traumatic diseases, the great majority of oral cavity diseases have a genetic base, in some cases identifiable, in others not. For the stomatologists it is of great importance to know the clinical characteristics and type of alteration that go with genetic etiology syndromes to be able to offer patients an adequate multidisciplinary treatment. Objective: Intentional search and description of oral pathology in patients with diverse genetic diseases. Study design: An observational and descriptive 4 month study of 62 patients from the Genetics Department of the National Institute of Rehabilitation, was done. Taken into consideration, aside from oral manifestations and genetic disease, were age, sex, consanguinity and inbreeding. The majority of patients who have genetic pathology do not have curative treatment, but they can receive other treatments to improve their quality of life, among these are dental treatments. Results: The more common diseases we found were hereditary peripheral neuropathies, skeletal dysplasias, limb malformation and muscular dystrophies. Diverse features were described, registered and grouped according to their location. Conclusions: Presently it is important to look for the genetic etiology of all diseases to seek specific treatments and prevent them. This will change the practice of medicine and dentistry.
Palabras clave : Oral pathology; genetic pathology; dentistry.