Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)
versión On-line ISSN 1698-6946
GONZALEZ GARCIA, Raúl et al. Cavernous sinus metastasis from oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Med. oral patol. oral cir.bucal (Internet) [online]. 2007, vol.12, n.2, pp.166-170. ISSN 1698-6946.
Metastasis to the cavernous sinus from head and neck cancer is uncommon and has been previously reported by a few authors. It is usually a late manifestation of the primary tumor and may be the first evidence of a widespread dissemination of the disease. Main clinical findings are those related with involvement of cranial nerves III to VI as they pass through the cavernous sinus. Although diagnosis may be difficult, the appearance of clinical and radiological findings of cavernous sinus involvement in a context of head and neck cancer must alert us about an intracranial metastatic infiltration. In most cases treatment is palliative with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. The prognosis of this entity is poor, with survival of a few months. We present the case of cavernous sinus metastasis from oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and review the literature about the clinical presentation and management of this rare entity.
Palabras clave : Oral cancer; head and neck cancer; oropharyngeal cancer; squamous cell carcinoma; cavernous sinus; metastasis.