Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral
versión impresa ISSN 1699-6585
VELASCO ORTEGA, E. et al. Periodontal diseases in schizophrenic patients: A case-control study. Avances en Periodoncia [online]. 2005, vol.17, n.1, pp.31-39. ISSN 1699-6585.
The aim of this study was to assess the periodontal conditions in schizophrenic patients compared with control patients. Patients and methods. 50 schizophrenic patients attended in the Psychiatric Unit at the Virgen Macarena Universitary Hospital of Seville were compared with 50 control patients (without systemic diseases, and drugs) attended in the School of Dentistry of Seville. Periodontal conditions were assessed according to the WHO criteria (CPITN). Results and Discusion. Schizophrenic patients showed more significative extended excluded sextants (1,64 vs 0,42) and prevalence of shallow pockets (25,6% vs 22,4%) while control patients showed more calculus (69,4% vs 60,5%) and deep pockets (6,1% vs 4,7%). Periodontal conditions showed a increased tendency with age. Males (schizophenics and controls) (32,4% and 31,3%; respectively) showed a higher prevalence of periodontal pockets than females (22,2% and 23,5%). Also, this study showed a higher prevalence and extension of periodontal pockets among smoker patients (schizophrenics and controls). Conclusions. Relationship between periodontal and psychiatric disturbances must be constitute a field of epidemiological and clinical research for knowledge of natural history of periodontal diseases.
Palabras clave : Periodontal conditions; schizophrenic patients; CPITN; mental disorders; periodontal disease.