Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral
versión impresa ISSN 1699-6585
FABRIZI, S; BARBIERI PETRELLI, G; VIGNOLETTI, F y BASCONES-MARTINEZ, A.. Periodontal Surgery Vs Cause-Related Periodontal Therapy: longitudinal study in clinical periodontology. Avances en Periodoncia [online]. 2007, vol.19, n.3, pp.161-175. ISSN 1699-6585.
Periodontal diseases are bacterial infections that destroy the attachment fibres and supporting bone that hold the teeth in the mouth. Left untreated, these diseases can lead to tooth loss (Medical Dictionary). Longitudinal studies centred their attention on chronic periodontitis. It has been documented the decisive role played by microbiological plaque in the initiation of gingivitis and that, the harmful effect on the tissues and its severity, are controlled by the complex host-parasite interaction. Treatment of periodontal lesion can be carried out either by non-surgical treatment, to eliminate and prevent the recurrence of bacterial deposits, or by surgical treatment, to create access for professional debridment of infected root surface and establish adequate gingival morphology to facilitate self plaque control. Different techniques are used to achieve the objective to improve teeth long term prognosis. Unfortunately no many studies have been able to demonstrate the effectiveness of the used technique in a long term intervals leaving unclear some questions.
Palabras clave : Periodontal disease/therapy; non-surgical therapy; surgical therapy; systematic review.