Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral
versión impresa ISSN 1699-6585
ARDILA MEDINA, C.M.. Gingival recession: a review of its aetiology, pathogenesis and treatment. Avances en Periodoncia [online]. 2009, vol.21, n.1, pp.35-43. ISSN 1699-6585.
The gingival recession describes to the location of the gingival margin free apical to the cement enamel junction; it is associate to aesthetic undesirable, superficial abrasion, sensitivity and radicular decay. Recent reports indicate significantly that there is a substantial prevalence in the increase of the recessions in different populations, being increased after the fifth decade. One of the objectives of the periodontal therapy is to correct the recessions surgically, therefore, the effectiveness and predecibilidad of some techniques are important considerations for the patient and the clinical one. A variety of surgical procedures has been described like effective methods to cover the exposed surfaces: gingivales grafts, pediculades, of conecttive weave, plasma rich in plaquets, tissue regeneration guided and combination of techniques. The aim of this article is to display the causes of the recession, their histologics considerations, their classification, the indications and contraindications for cover the recessions and the evaluation of the treatment techniques that are used to cover them.
Palabras clave : Gingival recession; mucogingival injuries; treatment.