SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.5 número2Hipotiroidismo en tratamiento en el Área de Salud de Guadalajara (España): características y prevalencia estimadas a partir del consumo de hormona tiroidea¿Es diferente el seguimiento de pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en medio rural y urbano? índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia

versión On-line ISSN 2386-8201versión impresa ISSN 1699-695X

Resumen

JIMENEZ MALAGON, María del Carmen; FANG, Luis  y  DIAZ CABALLERO, Antonio. Oral epidemiological profile and the need for dental treatment for HIV/AIDS patients. Rev Clin Med Fam [online]. 2012, vol.5, n.2, pp.97-103. ISSN 2386-8201.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1699-695X2012000200004.

Objective. To describe the oral epidemiological profile and the needs for dental treatment for HIV/AIDS patients in an institution. Design. Cross sectional study. Location. University of Cartagena Faculty of Odontology Participants. Patients diagnosed with HIV/AIDS undergoing antiretroviral treatment. Main Measures. Socio-demographic variables, oral hygiene condition, history of tooth decay, periodontal disease, oral signs associated with HIV/AIDS, need for dental treatment were evaluated. Results. Out of 53 study subjects, 59.9% showed mediocre oral hygiene, 66% supragingival calculus and 15.1%, gingival bleeding. We observed tooth decay in 92.5% of the participants and absence of teeth in 73.6%. The prevalence of oral signs of HIV/AIDS was 45.3%, with emphasis on a 28.3% of an infectious origin. The presence of lesions not associated with HIV was 81.1%, and a significant 28.3% with oral pigmentations associated with antiretroviral medication. 100% of the subjects required dental care, with 4 different types being necessary for 60.4% of them. Promotion and prevention were significant in 98.1% of cases, followed by removal of calculus in 73.6% y the need for prosthesis in 81.2% of individuals. Conclusion. Lack of attention and the need for treatment is evident in these members of the population, who show mediocre oral health, strengthening the case for the comprehensive care this type of patient deserves.

Palabras clave : AIDS; HIV; Diagnosis oral; Oral Hygiene Index; Comprehensive Dental Care.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons