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Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia

versión On-line ISSN 2386-8201versión impresa ISSN 1699-695X

Resumen

DIAZ CARDENAS, Shyrley; ARRIETA VERGARA, Katherine Margarita  y  GONZALEZ MARTINEZ, Farith. Domestic violence and risk factors in women of African descent of the city of Cartagena. Rev Clin Med Fam [online]. 2015, vol.8, n.1, pp.19-30. ISSN 2386-8201.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1699-695X2015000100004.

Objective: To estimate the association between family violence and risk factors in afro descendent women from the city of Cartagena. Study design: Cross-Sectional Study. Location: Tierra Baja Rural Community, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. Participants: 220 women selected by convenience sample. Methods: The factors investigated included sociodemographic factors, presence of violence and abuse and its severity (Norvold abuse questionnaire [NorAQ]), causes of violence during the last month, related risk factors (history of violence, roles, alcohol consumption, lack of recreation, family functioning [Family Apgar]). Data were described using proportions, and the association was obtained with odds ratios by nominal logistic regression. Results: 20.4 % (95 % CI 15.1-25.7) of women report being victims of violence, mostly emotional abuse, being the husband the primary aggressor; 66, 4 % did not report cases for fear, and jealousy is the main trigger. In the multivariate analysis, the model that best explains the presence of violence against women corresponds to the following factors: marital status, lack of recreation and alcohol consumption (p = 0.0001). Conclusions: Women from Tierra Baja suffer violence, possibly due to lack of opportunities for recreation and to their partner's alcohol abuse, which does not guarantee the biopsychosocial welfare of their families.

Palabras clave : Women; Family violence; Risk; Family and community medicine.

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