versión impresa ISSN 1887-8571
PACHECO TABUENCA, T. y ROBLES SANCHEZ, J.I.. Out-of-hospital emergencies: the suicidal patient. Sanid. Mil. [online]. 2011, vol.67, n.4, pp.345-353. ISSN 1887-8571. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1887-85712011000500003.
Background: Suicidal behavior has existed since mankind exists, however, positive or negative view of it has changed through different cultures. At present, poses a significant public health problem, and studied from different perspectives and areas of expertise, trying to give an overview to understand this phenomenon so interesting, exciting and at times bewildering. Therefore, the objective of this study is to analyze the profile of people who commit a suicide in the city of Madrid and are treated in the outpatient emergency area. Methods: Observational, descriptive and retrospective study, framed in SAMUR-Civil Protection in 2008, analyzing all cases seen ideation, suicide attempt, which have involved an Advanced Life Support and Counselling Unit. We analyzed a sample of 96 suicidal patients, where 48.4% were attempted suicide, followed by 44.2% of suicides and suicidal ideation 7.4%, seen mainly in the months of March and May, morning session-afternoon, and in the district of Puente de Vallecas, intervention from Madrid 112 defendants in the highest percentage. Results: Establishing a patient profile suicide as male, 25-35 years, Spanish, single, with psychiatric disorders in treatment, but previous attempts, he had verbalized his intentions autolytic, taking as a trigger for the physical or mental illness itself, which chooses defenestration as autolytic method without the presence of others, to which he was transferred to the Hospital and has a diagnosis of TBI, trauma or polytrauma. Conclusions: Knowledge of the profile of the suicidal patient treated in different areas allows better known, the risk factors of suicidal behavior and may facilitate future preventive actions.
Palabras clave : Suicide; Emergency; Outpatient.