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Sanidad Militar

versión impresa ISSN 1887-8571


GARCIA FERRANDIS, X.  y  MUNAYCO SANCHEZ, A.J.. The evolution of Military Health in Valencia during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Sanid. Mil. [online]. 2011, vol.67, n.4, pp.383-389. ISSN 1887-8571.

Precedents and purposes: After the military insurrection of July 18, 1936 the Republican Army remained partially dismantled, affecting Military Health. In case of Valencia, it was assumed rapidly by Sanitary Popular Committee, a revolutionary organism that led the sanitary response of Valencia to the Civil War. Later, the Republican Government proceeded to recover power throghout centralizing measures, as the militarization of some hospitals. At this the time an authentic Military Health returned to be articulated. The aim of this work is to study the evolution of Military Health in Valencia, one of the most important republican zones. Material and method: Documentation generated by the abundant hospitals installed in the city of Valencia is analyzed, studying as well changes that took place after militarization of some sanitary centers. This information has been consulted in the File of the County Council of Valencia. Results: Military Health in Valencia during the Spanish Civil War went through several stages, as it evolved from initial improvisation to later organization. Conclusions: A bidirectional relation is established between the degree of Military Health organization and troop's efficiency.

Palabras clave : Spanish Civil War; Military Health; militiamen; militarization.

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