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Sanidad Militar

versão impressa ISSN 1887-8571

Resumo

AJEJAS BAZAN, MJ; BALLESTER ORCAL, LE  e  FUENTES MORA, C. Factors of non influenza vaccination in health Spanish military personnel (2016-2017). Sanid. Mil. [online]. 2018, vol.74, n.3, pp.144-150. ISSN 1887-8571.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/s1887-85712018000300002.

Antecedent and objetives:

Influenza is one of the most prevalent vaccine-preventable diseases in developed countries. Staff working in health are an important risk group that influenza vaccination is indicated. The aims of this study were: describe influenza vaccination coverage according to sex, specialty and activity; analyze non-vaccination factors and adverse reactions to medications.

Material and Methods:

Descriptive cross-sectional study from February to March 2017. The population under study (n = 1750) was officers military health Spanish corps (64.0 % men, 36.0 % women). The main variables were: vaccinated against influenza, sex, date of birth, specialty, work history and adverse reactions. Overall rate of vaccination coverage, absolute and relative frequencies, Pearson Chi square test as well as their confidence intervals (95 % p <0.05) were calculated.

Results:

The response rate was 15.8 % and vaccine coverage of 7.0 % was obtained. It was major in men (8.3 %) and medical specialty (8.7 %). The most frequent non-vaccination factor was low perception of sickness (21.3 %). Only 10.0 % reported adverse reactions. All reactions were local.

Conclusions:

The vaccination coverage was very low, being superior in men (specialty of medicine) with developed activity in hospitals.

Palavras-chave : Vaccines; influenza; military personnel; health personnel; immunization coverage..

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