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Sanidad Militar

versão impressa ISSN 1887-8571


GONZALEZ CANOMANUEL, MÁ. The First Casualties and Patients Air Evacuated by the Spanish Military Aeronautics (1923-1927). 95th Anniversary of the Beginning of Spanish Medical Aviation. Sanid. Mil. [online]. 2018, vol.74, n.3, pp.191-197. ISSN 1887-8571.

Medical aviation started in Spain with the acquisition on the part of Military Aeronautics of the first aircraft specifically designed for medical transport by the end of 1922. The development of this aeronautical-medical activity was carried out in the European countries during the 1920s to meet the needs of evacuation of those casualties severely injured in different wars, particularly in the colonies. In those days, the improvement of the newly-born aviation was unstoppable in all fields. In Spain, the data regarding the medical evacuation of these first years are very confused for they were not gathered in a systematic way. Thanks to the study of different primary sources of the military and the Spanish Red Cross archives, a complete analysis of the data regarding the activity of the first planes which transported casulaties during the Morocco War (1923-1927) has been performed for the first time. This medical experience equates our country with the most developed European countries and it corresponds to the scientific interest proved in Spain towards this mean of transport. The 95th anniversary of the beginning of this activity, termed as fundamental in emergency and medical medicine, is celebrated this year. From these pages, the authors wish both to contribute to the dissemination of the activity carrried out by the military professionals of the time and to pay them a well- deserved homage.

Palavras-chave : Medical aviation; Medical Air Transport; Air evacuation.

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