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The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context

On-line version ISSN 1989-4007Print version ISSN 1889-1861

Abstract

LLOR-ESTEBAN, Bartolomé; SANCHEZ-MUNOZ, María; RUIZ-HERNANDEZ, José Antonio  and  JIMENEZ-BARBERO, José Antonio. User violence towards nursing professionals in mental health services and emergency units. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context [online]. 2017, vol.9, n.1, pp.33-40. ISSN 1989-4007.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpal.2016.06.002.

Workplace violence is present in many work sectors, but in the area of mental health, nurses have a higher risk due to the close relationship they have with users. This study analyzed hostile user statements against nursing professionals of Mental Health Services and Emergency Units in Health Service (MHS) hospitals in Murcia, Spain, and determined the frequency of exposure to the different violent user behaviors. The study was carried out with a sample of 518 nursing professionals from four hospital services: Mental Health, Emergency Units, Medical Hospitalization, and Maternal-and-Child. The nursing staff of Mental Health and Emergency Units was the most exposed to violence. Non-physical violence was more frequent in Emergency Units, whereas physical violence was more frequent in Mental Health. Among the consequences of exposure to non-physical violence are workers’ emotional exhaustion and the presence of psychological distress.

Keywords : Mental health services; Nursing staff; Workplace violence.

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