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vol.9 issue1Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the N-terminal portion of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) regulate the proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral

On-line version ISSN 2173-2345Print version ISSN 1889-836X

Abstract

PLOTKIN, LI. Divergent effects of vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF and the N-terminal fragment of the parathormone-related protein, PTHrP on human adipose derived from mesenchymal stem cells. Rev Osteoporos Metab Miner [online]. 2017, vol.9, n.1, pp.3-4. ISSN 2173-2345.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/s1889-836x2017000100001.

The possibility of obtaining stem cells from adult tissues is highly attractive as they can potentially generate a variety of differentiated cells and be used in tissue regeneration. The study of stem cells obtained from adult organisms began some 50 years ago, when hematopoietic stem cells were described, which give rise to all blood cells1. Later, researchers described mesenchymal lineage stem cells and differentiated them into adipocyte, osteoblastic and chondrocytic cells. Mesenchymal stem cells were originally discovered in bone marrow, but were later found in other adult tissues, including peripheral adipose tissue. As Bravo et al.2 report in their study, mesenchymal cells are characterized by the expression of surface markers, including CD90, and the use of others, such as CD45 and CD34.

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