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Revista de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral

versión On-line ISSN 2173-2345versión impresa ISSN 1889-836X

Resumen

BRAVO, B et al. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the N-terminal portion of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) regulate the proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells. Rev Osteoporos Metab Miner [online]. 2017, vol.9, n.1, pp.5-12. ISSN 2173-2345.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/s1889-836x2017000100002.

Adipose tissue contains a large number of mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) residing in their vascular stroma. Although there is controversy regarding the ability to generate bone tissue from these cells in vivo, the in vitro cells offer a good model of osteogenic differentiation due to its phenotypic similarity with the bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in culture. The differentiation of osteo-progenitor populations of bone marrow is intensely regulated by local factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), which modulate these populations' proliferation in different stages of differentiation. Both the VEGF and the N-terminal fragment of the PTHrP exert osteogenic effects. In this study, we posited that its effects on proliferation of osteo-progenitors are stage dependent of osteoblastic differentiation. After confirming its capacity to in vitro differentiation by Runx2 gene expression and accumulation of calcium, the proliferative response to stimuli was analyzed with VEGF or PTHrP (1-36) of ASCs submitted or not to osteogenic induction. VEGF, but not PTHrP (1-36), stimulated the proliferative capacity of uninduced ASCs, whereas BMSCs, but not VEGF, stimulated the proliferation of induced ASCs, corroborating the differential role of this growth in different stages of differentiation.

Palabras clave : adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs); PTHrP; VEGF; osteogenic differentiation.

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