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Revista de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral

On-line version ISSN 2173-2345Print version ISSN 1889-836X

Abstract

MARTINEZ ARIAS, L et al. Effects of the catalase antioxidant enzyme in vascular calcification and bone demineralization. Rev Osteoporos Metab Miner [online]. 2017, vol.9, n.1, pp.13-19. ISSN 2173-2345.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/s1889-836x2017000100003.

Objetives:

Assess the role of the catalase antioxidant enzyme in the vascular calcification process associated with chronic renal failure (CRF) and its effect on bone mass.

Material and methods:

Wild type C57/BL6J mice (WT) and transgenic mice (TG) were used, that overexpress the catalase enzyme, to which CRF was induced. Control WT and TG mice were used in simulated intervention. After 16 weeks, the mice were sacrificed, with serum samples taken for biochemical markers as well as residual pieces of kidney, aorta and tibias. An in vitro model of primary culture of smooth vascular muscle cells (SVMC) taken from the WT and TG aorta which underwent eight days of 3 mM phosphorus and 2 mM calcium calcifying medium.

Results:

A significant increase in Runx2 gene expression, calcium renal deposit and bone structure deterioration at trabecular level was only detected in WT mice with CRF. This was not observed in TG mice with CRF.

Only in the case of WT mice SVMC, did added calcification medium raise calcium levels, proteic Runx2 expression and the reactive oxygen species of mitochondria with low catalase enzyme.

Conclusions:

Calcifying catalase over-expression was observed in both in vivo and in vitro, with in vivo showing that this reduction was accompanied by an improvement in bone parameters under study.

Keywords : vascular calcification; bone; antioxidants; oxidative stress; catalase; µCT; chronic renal failure.

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