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FEM: Revista de la Fundación Educación Médica

On-line version ISSN 2014-9840Print version ISSN 2014-9832

Abstract

IGLESIAS-LINARES, Alejandro; YANEZ-VICO, Rosa M.  and  SOLANO-REINA, Enrique. Use of checklist to reduce cognitive errors in dental practice teaching. FEM (Ed. impresa) [online]. 2013, vol.16, n.1, pp.31-36. ISSN 2014-9840.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2014-98322013000100006.

Introduction: Heuristic reasoning often dominate clinical judgments. Decision-making process in dentistry, and especially in orthodontics, is carry out under conditions of complexity and uncertainty. Therefore, the student decision processes are flawed by cognitive biases. The aim of our study was suggest and validate a checklist to reduce student diagnostic cognitive biases. Subjects and methods: Thirty-six postgraduate students evaluated clinically patients without checklist and using the proposed checklist. Results: Statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) was found using the Wilcoxon matched signed-rank test between two evaluations. Conclusions: Effectiveness is prove by using the proposed checklist in reduce student cognitive errors and students have been positively evaluated it. Nevertheless, special attention is required to new increment of proportion of commission cognitive errors.

Keywords : Checklist; Clinical decision making; Health education; Heuristic; Teaching resources.

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