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FEM: Revista de la Fundación Educación Médica

versão On-line ISSN 2014-9840versão impressa ISSN 2014-9832

Resumo

LORUSSO, Nicola  e  GONZALEZ LOPEZ-VALCARCEL, Beatriz. Variability of selective processes for access to medical specialties in Europe: between convergence and divergence. FEM (Ed. impresa) [online]. 2013, vol.16, n.4, pp.215-218. ISSN 2014-9840.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2014-98322013000600005.

Introduction. Following the implementation of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), medical education in Europe faces new challenges, structural changes and a need to adapt to new priorities of society. Aim. To analyze and to compare the process of selecting and the tests used to access specialized training places at European level. Materials and methods. Descriptive and comparative study based on the search and analysis of information published or freely available on line. The sample includes most of EU-27, the most influential in terms of demographics, with a high capacity to form large absolute numbers of health professionals. Results. The selection for access to medical specialties is outlined in local, regional, national and mixed according to the process, individualized or generalized according to the utilized evaluation types. The personal and professional profile, as assessed by an interview, is a key element that many systems have in mind especially in the local selection process. Countries which are implementing a national system used primarily multiple choice tests. Conclusions. Beyond the crucial differences between countries at the European level, it is essential to insist on the individualization of integrated and realistic models, that comprehensively assess the competencies required of the candidates, and encourage greater harmonization between countries.

Palavras-chave : European Higher Education Area; Medical specialties; Specialized training.

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