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Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética

versión On-line ISSN 2174-5145versión impresa ISSN 2173-1292

Resumen

OSUNA-PADILLA, Ivan Armando; VERDUGO-HERNANDEZ, Sonia; LEAL-ESCOBAR, Gabriela  y  OSUNA-RAMIREZ, Ignacio. Nutritional status in Mexican elderlys: comparative study between groups with different social assistances. Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet [online]. 2015, vol.19, n.1, pp.12-20. ISSN 2174-5145.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.19.1.119.

Introduction: The aim of this study were to determine the prevalence of undernutrition and obesity in older people with various types of social support from Sinaloa, México. Material and methods: Comparative, observational, prospective and cross-sectional study in 91 elderly. Determined body weight, height and anthropometric measurements. Applied the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Means and standard deviations are estimated. Chi-square2 and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to analyzed data. Pearson correlation were utilized for evaluated the correlation between antropomethric indicators and MNA. The level of statistical significance was p<0.05. Results: 91 elderlies were evaluated: 35 users of a day House, 28 members of a cultural centre, and 28 residents of two nursing homes. There was a prevalence of malnutrition of 32.1% in the institutionalized, 14.3% on the day house, and 3.5% in independent adult. Obesity were diagnosed in 93.2% of people by Waist/Height Ratio. Good correlations were found between body mass index (BMI) and calf circumference (CC) with MNA (p<0.05). Conclusions: High prevalences of undernutrition were found in nursing homes and user of day homes, with major risks in womans and people major of 80 years. The implementation of nutritional interventions depending on the type of social assistance received is required.

Palabras clave : Aged; Elderly; Malnutrition; Protein-Energy Malnutrition; Obesity; Nutritional Status; Anthropometry; Mexico.

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