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Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética

On-line version ISSN 2174-5145Print version ISSN 2173-1292

Abstract

NAVARRO LECHUGA, Edgar; VARGAS MORANTH, Rusvelt Franklin  and  ALCOCER OLACIREGUI, Adalgisa Esther. Total body fat as a possible indicator of metabolic syndrome in adults. Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet [online]. 2016, vol.20, n.3, pp.198-207. ISSN 2174-5145.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.20.3.216.

Introduction: The metabolic syndrome is a set of factors related to insulin resistance, which increases the likelihood of coronary events. It is important timely onset identifying to reduce its prevalence. Objective: To explore the percentage of total body fat as indicator of metabolic syndrome in adults from Soledad, Colombia. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study. n=99 adults (non-pregnant, nor subjects with psychomotor disturbances). Blood samples were taken: total cholesterol, HDL; triglycerides and glucose. Waist circumference, Body Mass Index and body fat by bioimpedance and skinfold thickness were measured. Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was made according to NHLBI/AHA, ATP III and IDF criteria. Subjects with and without metabolic syndrome according to total body fat averages were compared. Results: The average percentage of body fat was higher (p<0.05) in men and women with metabolic syndrome, using the three criteria, than those without metabolic syndrome, other (p>0.05) in the classification according to ATP III in women, where the average fat percentage was 39.31 % in those with metabolic syndrome and 37.7% in those not suffering. Conclusions: Subjects with metabolic syndrome have higher mean total body fat, significantly, compared with those who did not, so it could be considered the values of total body fat obtained by bioimpedance as future indicators of metabolic syndrome, both as screening and control.

Keywords : Metabolic Syndrome X; Adipose Tissue; Bioimpedance; Cardiovascular Diseases; Insulin Resistance.

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