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Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética

versión On-line ISSN 2174-5145versión impresa ISSN 2173-1292

Resumen

MARTINEZ-RODRIGUEZ, Alejandro; TUNDIDOR-DUQUE, Rafael M; ALCARAZ, Pedro E  y  RUBIO-ARIAS, Jacobo Á. Dietary strategies and body composition in elite weightlifting: systematic review. Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.3, pp.237-247. ISSN 2174-5145.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.21.3.353.

Introduction:

There is little literature that showed the nutritional bases to optimize weightlifting performance. The objective was to perform a systematic review of the body composition and nutritional composition of diets in elite weightlifting athletes.

Material and Methods:

Articles published in Pubmed, Web of Science and Sport Discuss were reviewed following PRISMA Statement. The process for selecting studies was performed duplicated by two researchers in two stages (screening and application of eligibility criteria). A qualitative synthesis of the main characteristics and findings was made. The quality of studies was assessed.

Results:

Of the 610 articles found, 8 met the inclusion criteria, which were the studies performed in elite or high-level menopausal women, and information on dietary habits and/or body composition. Body composition identified that the percentage of fat mass was around 15%. A caloric intake of 4080.65±1602.69kcal, a protein intake of 17.29±3.2% of total daily energy (TDE), 42.48±5.6% TDE of carbohydrates and a 36.1±9.75% TDE of fats. A suboptimal dietary profile is suggested, showing an excess in fat intake, which could explain the excess body fat observed in some. Athletes’ protein intake and carbohydrates were within the recommended ranges except for 2 studies.

Conclusions:

An incorrect diet on the part of the elite weightlifting athletes was observed, which could condition their body composition negatively. The need for advice and intervention by a dietitian-nutritionist professionals was observed.

Palabras clave : Weight Lifting; Athletic Performance; Diet, Food, and Nutrition; Adipose Tissue; Review.

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