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Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética

versión On-line ISSN 2174-5145versión impresa ISSN 2173-1292

Resumen

HERNANDEZ-CAMACHO, Juan Diego  y  HERNANDEZ-CAMACHO, Miguel. Clinical update on metabolic syndrome. Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.4, pp.384-392. ISSN 2174-5145.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.21.4.392.

Metabolic syndrome has been defined as a global issue since it affects a lot of people. Numerous factors are involved in metabolic syndrome development. It has been described that metabolic syndrome has negative consequences on health. Consequently, a lot of treatments have been proposed to palliate it such as drugs, surgery or life style changes where nutritional habits have shown to be an important point in its management. The current study reviews the literature existing about the actual epidemiology of metabolic syndrome, the components involucrate in its appearance and progression, the clinical consequences of metabolic syndrome and the nutritional strategies reported in its remission. A bibliographic search in PubMed and Medline was performed to identify eligible studies. Authors obtained that metabolic syndrome is present in population from developed and undeveloped areas in a huge scale. Environmental and genetic elements are involucrate in metabolic syndrome development. Metabolic syndrome exponentially increased risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancers, diabetes mellitus type 2, sleep disturbances, etc. Nutritional treatments play a crucial role in metabolic syndrome prevention, treatment and recovery.

Palabras clave : Metabolic Syndrome; Obesity; Prevalence; Hyperglycemia; Inflammation; Diet; Cardiovascular Diseases.

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