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Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética

versión On-line ISSN 2174-5145versión impresa ISSN 2173-1292

Resumen

MENDEZ-CORNEJO, Jorge et al. Applicability of the Body Mass Index and Weight Index in young athletes participating in the University Selection of Chile. Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet [online]. 2019, vol.23, n.2, pp.76-82.  Epub 29-Jun-2020. ISSN 2174-5145.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.23.2.625.

Introduction

To compare the anthropometric profile of four sports modalities and verify the applicability of the Body Mass Index and Weight Index of university students participating in the university selections of Chile.

Material and Methods

A descriptive (comparative-correlational) study was carried out. Sixty-six university athletes from Chile (37 men and 29 women) with an age range between 18 and 28 years were studied. The sports included were: basketball, volleyball, taekwondo and judo. Weight and height were evaluated. The Body Mass Index (BMI=weight [kg]/height2 [m]) and the weight index (IP=weight[kg]/height3 [m]) were calculated.

Results

There were anthropometric differences in the four sports modalities and in both sexes. The weight influences the BMI in men (R2=55%) and in women (R2=76%), while in the IP, weight and height influence men (R2=15 and 14%) and weight in women (R2=44%).

Conclusions

Anthropometric differences were observed in university athletes of basketball, volleyball, taekwondo and judo of both sexes, besides the IP allowed correcting the variations of the weight and stature in relation to the BMI.

Palabras clave : Anthropometry; Body Weights and Measures; Body Mass Index; Body Weight; Body Height; Students.

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