versión impresa ISSN 2254-2884
AGUILERA FLOREZ, Ana Isabel et al. A little-used strategy in caring for patients with chronic kidney disease: multidisciplinary education of patients and their relatives. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.1, pp.14-21. ISSN 2254-2884. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2254-28842012000100003.
Multidisciplinary teams are a strategy that was suggested more than ten years ago by Canadian groups. Patients treated in an multidisciplinary environment show better knowledge of CKD and better biochemical parameters. The goals were to increase knowledge in our patients with ACKD and their family about their illness, correct care and renal replacement therapy, through group education, to evaluate whether the information increased the patients' level of anxiety and to evaluate the degree of satisfaction with the group education. This is a retrospective study carried out with 19 patients, who attended both courses. Two questionnaires were completed at the start and end of the course on the level of knowledge and level of anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory STAI). At the end of each course, an assessment questionnaire was completed. The variables studied were sex, age, level of education and presence of a relative. The level of knowledge reached a statistically significant difference between the two questionnaires (start-end) (p = 0.013). The results obtained in the evaluation of the level of anxiety showed a slight increase in anxiety. The satisfaction questionnaire showed a very positive evaluation of the action. We can conclude that most of the patients have increased their knowledge of ACKD and replacement techniques, have shown a high degree of satisfaction with the experience of this intervention and most have experienced a slight increase in anxiety.
Palabras clave : Multidisciplinary Team; Group Education; Advance Chronic Kidney Disease; Renal Replacement Therapy.