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Enfermería Nefrológica

versión On-line ISSN 2255-3517versión impresa ISSN 2254-2884

Resumen

SANCHEZ LAMOLDA, Mª Ángeles; MALAGON RODRIGUEZ, Mª Ángeles  y  ALONSO HERNANDEZ, Nemesia. Incidence of dementia in haemodialysis: Support for the main carer. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2013, vol.16, n.1, pp.31-35. ISSN 2255-3517.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2254-28842013000100005.

Dementia appears with increasing frequency in patients undergoing haemodialysis: the age of starting dialysis treatment has increased in recent years, influenced by the increase in life expectancy. The deterioration in the patient's lifestyle affects both relatives and carers, creating a complex situation that is difficult to handle. At present, it constitutes a serious health problem with large-scale social and economic repercussions, due to the loss of independence of the patient and the physical and psychological burden suffered by the family. Objective: To find out the incidence of dementia and its relationship with age, sex, level of education and associated pathologies. Material and method: Transversal, descriptive study. To determine the incidence of dementia we used the Pfeiffer short portable mental status questionnaire. Variables: sex, age, level of education, cohabitation, high blood pressure, diabetes. Results: 28% of patients showed dementia, 36% were aged between 75-79 years, and the female sex was considerably affected. 58% had not completed primary school education. High blood pressure was not statistically significant. Diabetes mellitus appeared in 48% of the patients who presented dementia. Conclusion: The age of patients on haemodialysis has increased considerably, giving rise to the appearance of dementia, and hence the need to establish suitable nursing interventions to improve the quality of care and offer adequate information to relatives and carers about the measures to be taken into account in each situation.

Palabras clave : Dementia; Haemodialysis; Carer; Nursing intervention.

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