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Enfermería Nefrológica

On-line version ISSN 2255-3517Print version ISSN 2254-2884

Abstract

CARRILLO ALGARRA, Ana Julia; LAZA VASQUEZ, Celmira  and  MOLINA JERENA, José Ángel. Self-care: day by day in patients with chronic kidney disease: Documentary studies 2006-2013. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2013, vol.16, n.3, pp.185-192. ISSN 2255-3517.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2254-28842013000300007.

Objective: To describe the self-care activities done by the patients who suffer chronic kidney disease (CKD) that are currently receiving different substitutive treatments, reported in scientific literature between 2006 and 2013. Materials and method: Qualitative desk study in which original articles of any nationality were reviewed. These articles were published in Spanish, English and Portuguese and they were indexed in the following data bases: Elsevier Instituciones, ScienceDirect, Ciberindex, Nursing@ Ovid, Ebsco Host, Pubmed Scielo and Lilacs. The key words used were self-care, care of one-self, self-management, CKD, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplant. The content analysis was used for the data analysis. Results: Eight articles that corresponded to the study's objective were selected. Seven of them were from Brazil and one form Canada. Six of them were qualitative and all of the articles were made by nurses. Two of them present, explicitly, disciplinary theoretical orientation. The publication average was one per year. Six categories emerged: Upkeep and improvement in physical aptitude or condition. Upkeep and improvement of nutritional state: Feeding behavior, leisure as a self-care measure. Finally, from experience and building of knowledge: some self-care practices. Conclusions: Upkeep of the physical condition and nutritional state were the self-care activities that appeared with the most relevance. In the scientific production on self-care in patients with CKD in substitutive treatments, the leadership of the field of nursery is noticeable but there is low overall production, especially in third world countries.

Keywords : Self-care; Chronic kidney disease; Hemodialysis; Peritoneal dialysis; Kidney transplant.

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