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Enfermería Nefrológica

On-line version ISSN 2255-3517Print version ISSN 2254-2884


SARALEGUI, Iñaki et al. Withdrawing dialysis in End-Stage Renal Disease: ¿what do patients think about it?. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.2, pp.110-119. ISSN 2255-3517.

Advance Care Planning (ACP) helps communicate patients' end-of-life care, particularly for older patients. Method: prospective qualitative study carried out on selected ESRD patients from a dialysis unit. The aim was to determine what was most important to the patient, if they wanted to participate in decision-making process and what degree of functional impairment they would consider intolerable. Two semi-structured interviews with each patient were performed, including their relatives. Results: from May to December 2012 fourteen patients with an average age of 66 years were interviewed. They believe that the information process is adecuate, but there is no information about the plan of care if a trasplant is not a real option. They would like to participate in decisions concerning their care and end-of-life. They would want to keep on with dialysis treatment while their quality of life continues to be acceptable for them. Respecting end-of-life care, dying without pain and to be cared for at home are the most important points for them. Patients think that doctors donát speak to them about end-of-life because they are focused on other aspects of care. Conclusion: although there are great opportunities to talk with ESRD patients about end-of-life care this is often not done. In cases with severe cognitive impairment they would prefer to withdraw dialysis. Then they wish to receive care at home to relieve suffering or pain. The best way to achieve this is by integrating palliative care into dialysis units.

Keywords : Advance care planning; Dialysis; Paliative care.

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