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Enfermería Nefrológica

versão On-line ISSN 2255-3517versão impressa ISSN 2254-2884

Resumo

SANCHEZ GONZALEZ, Juan Carlos; MARTINEZ MARTINEZ, Celsa; BETHENCOURT FERNANDEZ, Dámaris  e  PABLOS LOPEZ, Marta. The assessment of knowledge about treatment in hemodialysis patients. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.1, pp.23-30. ISSN 2255-3517.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2254-28842015000100004.

Introduction: The increase in the number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who require renal replacement therapy is a fact in our healthcare environment. Hemodialysis (HD) is one of the alternative treatments of choice for these patients. The patients often have doubts and behaviours that suggest a lack of knowledge on hemodialysis and aspects around it such as forgetting medication and ignorance of dietary rules among others. The lack of such knowledge can lead to treatment no adherence what establish a important health problem. The aim of our study was to analyze the information and knowledge grade in hemodialyzated patients about the HD, diet, medication and their vascular access (VA). Material and methods: We did a cross-sectional study in which, with a inquiry, we studied the knowledge grade about hemodialysis treatment in patients with CKD who received hemodialysis at the "Fundación Jiménez Díaz Hospital". 32 patients were evaluated, for statistical analysis the mean and standard deviation for quantitative variables, and frequency table and contingency tables for qualitative variables was used. For hypothesis testing the test of Chi-square test was used. Results: The successes rate was 14.44 ± 2.75, a total of 18 questions. Our patients generally have mid / high knowledge, dependent on age, occupation and if they cook their own food. Conclusions: According to others studies we believe to keep a continuous education throughout treatment is essential, in addition to periodic reviews to indicate the knowledge grade.

Palavras-chave : hemodialysis; drug treatment; diet; vascular access; knowledge grade; chronic kidney disease.

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