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Enfermería Nefrológica

versión On-line ISSN 2255-3517versión impresa ISSN 2254-2884

Resumen

HERNANDEZ SANCHEZ, Sonsoles et al. Physical assessment, fitness and quality of life in patients with different renal replacement therapies. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.2, pp.81-88. ISSN 2255-3517.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2254-28842015000200002.

Introduction: Physical activity has been shown very helpful in chronic renal patients (CKD) because it improves the subject's physical fitness and therefore their quality of life. To improve the quality of life in patients with substitute renal treatment, dialysated or transplanted, they should be included in physical activity programmes carefully planned and supervised by experts and professionals. There are several researches in literature about aerobic and strength training with patients with CKD in hemodialysis, but a few about physical condition related to health in this patients, and less than a few, the related researches about the physical condition in transplanted and peritoneal dialysis patients. This study aimed to assess the physical activity, physical fitness and quality of life levels in chronic renal patients with different alternative treatments. Material and methods: 25 male chronic renal patients aged between 59 and 72 years old were divided in 3 groups: renal transplant (Tx): N= 11, hemodialysis (HD): N = 6, and peritoneal dialysis (DP): N=8. The YALE physical activity survey was administrated along with KDQoL questionnaire of quality of life. Furthermore, subjects performed the Senior Fitness Test (SFT). Results: Significant differences between groups were not found concerning neither the questionnaires nor the physical tests. The three experimental groups showed lower values than same-age healthy individuals regarding both, the questionnaires and the physical tests. Conclusion: Alternative treatments in ERC do not have influences on the level of physical activity, fitness and quality of life.

Palabras clave : chronic renal patients; quality of life; physical activity; physical fitness.

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