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Enfermería Nefrológica

versão On-line ISSN 2255-3517versão impressa ISSN 2254-2884

Resumo

SANZ IZQUIERDO, Esther et al. Renal biopsy in renal transplant recipients: nursing care and complications. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.3, pp.199-202. ISSN 2255-3517.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2254-28842015000300008.

Introduction: Percutaneous Renal Biopsy is an essential tool for the management of renal transplant patients. The test is essential to detect and / or prevent any graft dysfunction, being both a diagnostic and preconizador procedure. Objective is to describe nursing care and identify complications of renal biopsy in renal transplant recipients. Methods: A quantitative, descriptive and transversal study was carried out in the Renal Transplantation Unit, Nephrology Department of Puigvert Foundation, from 2008 to 2014. The study population is kidney transplant recipients (TR). The sample consists of 368 kidney biopsies follow-up. Inclusion criteria are being over 18 years, transplanted, and signed informed consent. Sociodemographic data, clinical care and complications after renal biopsy are collected. Results: From 1980 to 2014 were carried out 1868 TR of 2008-2014 368 follow-up biopsies were studied. Blood Pressure and pre biopsy coagulation were monitored. After the procedure, the presence of bleeding urination and vital signs monitored. Initially absolute rest was 24 h, since 2014 was reduced to 6 hours, recommending rest relative to high, complications were minimal. Conclusions: The results indicate that renal biopsy is an effective procedure with few complications. The nursing role in the early detection of complications is important.

Palavras-chave : renal biopsy; kidney transplantation; nursing care; hematoma; hematuria.

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