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Enfermería Nefrológica

versão On-line ISSN 2255-3517versão impressa ISSN 2254-2884

Resumo

CANTILLO-MEDINA, Claudia Patricia  e  BLANCO-OCHOA, Joselinne de Jesús. Self-care agency in persons with chronic kidney disease in dialysis. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.4, pp.330-341. ISSN 2255-3517.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/s2254-28842017000400007.

People with Chronic Kidney Disease in dialysis permanently make decisions about what they can and should do in relation to their health situation, limitation and personal requirement to maintain homeostasis and control risk factors; therefore, knowing and strengthening their self-care capacity is fundamental to design strategies that impact their needs.

Objective:

To determine the capacity of self-care of the people with Chronic Kidney Disease in dialysis, such as their relation with the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics.

Material y Method:

A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study. The population was formed by one hundred and eleven dialyzed people at the Medilaser Renal Unit in Florencia (Colombia). Sociodemographic and clinical variables and capacity of self-care agency in hypertensive patient were obtained. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics.

Results:

Mean age of the population: fifty-six (56) years old (SD±14); male gender:

Fifty-five point nine per cent (55.9%); their capacity of self-care agency was high and medium (80,2% and 19,8%, respectively). Significance was found between the self-care capacity variable and age, which indicates that higher age the self-care capacity decreases (p=0.024), as well as a better perception of the state of health with greater capacity of people self-care agency (p=0.004).

Conclusions:

The capacity of self-care agency of dialyzed people is between the high and medium capacity levels; however, it requires interventions from the nursing professional and health-care professionals, based on individual needs to maintain and improve their self-care.

Palavras-chave : self-care; nursing; chronic kidney disease; nursing theory.

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