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Enfermería Nefrológica

On-line version ISSN 2255-3517Print version ISSN 2254-2884

Abstract

ARRUCHE HERRERO, Mercedes et al. Deficit of vitamin D in hemodialysis patients and related factors. Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2018, vol.21, n.1, pp.18-24. ISSN 2255-3517.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/s2254-28842018000100003.

Introduction:

Vitamin D is involved in bone-mineral metabolism, diabetes mellitus, immunological diseases, tumor processes, cardiovascular system, anemia, etc.

Aims:

To evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency- deficiency and its associated risk factors in hemodialysis patients.

Results:

Only 5.88% of patients presented normal levels. 94.14% of patients had levels below 30 ng/ml (mean 9.64 ng/ml). In this last group, patients were older, less exposed to the sun and used sun protection. A greater presence of women was found, taking less vitamin D or VD enriched foods and fewer statins. Between them, three patients had insufficient weight. The two black patients had levels < 10 ng/ml. In our geographical situation [Latitude: 41° 09’22”N], in winter, vitamin D skin-synthesis is scarce. Only 14.12% of patients took any vitamin D supplementation. Only one variable was statistically significant (human race). We must consider that it can be attributed to our limited sample size.

Conclusions:

94.14% of patients have low vitamin D levels and pharmacological supplementation seems necessary.

Keywords : vitamin D; hemodialysis; prevalence; Risk factors.

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