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Ars Pharmaceutica (Internet)

On-line version ISSN 2340-9894

Abstract

SANCHEZ SERRANO, José Luis et al. Association between acute coronary syndrome and use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Ars Pharm [online]. 2015, vol.56, n.1, pp.1-7. ISSN 2340-9894.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2340-98942015000100001.

Aims: Evaluate cardiovascular impact related to the use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in a Health Area, by estimating the connection between the previous medical prescription of non steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines and acute coronary syndrome. Material and Methods: A retrospective observational study of clinical casecrosover during 5 years is done, from 1st of January 2008 to 31st of December 2012. In first place patients were cases and controls (n=1.317) who suffered cardiovascular accidents and went to Emergency Room. Setting: Alcazar de San Juan Health Care Area. Main measurements: Association of the risk of acute coronary syndrome by Odds Ratio with consumption of non anti-inflammatory drug. Results: The connection between acute coronary syndrome and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs was positive and significant (OR 1.42; IC95% 1.06-1.9), which means the probability of suffering a cardiovascular accident increases to 42% in patients taking non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The connection between the prescription of anti-inflammatory drugs and acute coronary syndrome reached a bigger magnitude in patients with less comorbidity, Charlson ≤ 1 (OR 1.66; IC95% 1.15 - 2.40) as opposite to those with more comorbidity, Charlson > 1 (OR 1.07; IC95% 0.65 - 1.76). This change of effect was due, in part, to the concomitant use of medicines which prevent cardiovascular diseases, such as antiaggregant, anticoagulant and statins drugs. Conclusions: The use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has been connected to a higher risk of cardiovascular accidents; therefore it is necessary to realize follow-up patients who consume these drugs. These drugs must not be consumed for a long time or at high doses.

Keywords : Anti-Inflammatory Agents; Cross-Over Studies; Non-Steroidal Acute Coronary Syndrome.

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