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Ars Pharmaceutica (Internet)

On-line version ISSN 2340-9894

Abstract

GONZALEZ-PUMARIEGA, Maribel et al. Cymbopogon citratus aqueous extract protects plasmid DNA from UVC-induced damage. Ars Pharm [online]. 2016, vol.57, n.4, pp.193-199. ISSN 2340-9894.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S2340-98942016000400006.

Aim: to evaluate the photoprotective effect of aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf against UVC-induced damage to ADN. Material and methods: In the experimental procedure, samples of plasmid pBluescript SK II solutions were exposed to C. citratus aqueous extract in 0.01-4.0 mg/mL concentrations during 30, 60 and 90 min. In order to evaluate the photoprotective effect, the vegetal extract was applied before, during and after UVC radiation at 200 J/m2 doses. DNA repair enzymes T4 endonuclease V was employed in order to discriminate CPDs damage. Then, supercoiled and relaxed forms of DNA were separated after electrophoretic migration in agarose gels. Also aqueous extract transmittance was measure at 254 nm OD. Results: None of the concentrations tested were genotoxic in 30 min of exposition. Concentrations ≥ 2 mg/mL induced strand breaks at 90 min of incubation. The C. citratus extract at concentrations ≥ 0.5 mg/mL protect DNA in front of UVC radiation. Conclusions: In our experimental conditions, C. citratus extract protects DNA from the genotoxicity induced by light UVC, preventing the CPDs generation, but is not able to eliminate DNA damage once formed.

Keywords : plant extract; photoprotection; UV; pyrimidine dimers.

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