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Ars Pharmaceutica (Internet)

On-line version ISSN 2340-9894


SALEM, Heba F. et al. Development and characterization of a novel nano-liposomal formulation of Alendronate Sodium loaded with biodegradable polymer. Ars Pharm [online]. 2018, vol.59, n.1, pp.9-20. ISSN 2340-9894.


Alendronate Sodium (ALDS) is the drug of choice for treatment of osteoporosis. However, 50% of the osteoporotic patients ceased the treatment within the first year due to its potential side effect on the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).


The current study aimed to utilize nanotechnology to develop a nano-oral liposomal preparation containing biodegradable polymer (Starch) that enhance the drug prosperities.


Nanoliposomes of ALDS were prepared using different concentrations of solubilized starch (0.1 - 0.5 g) by thin film hydration method. A new method of alendronate quantitative determination was used to overcome the obstacle of its determination by using a new highly sensitive derivatization method. The selected formula was visualized using TEM, in vitro release studies and Stability study was also carried out.

Furthermore, ulcerogenicity studies were performed to compare between the optimum prepared formula and a standard nonliposomal ALDS.


Six nano-oral liposomal formulations were prepared with zeta potentials ranging from -12 mV to -39 mV and a particle size ranging from 94 nm to 298 nm. The encapsulation efficiency studies demonstrated that the amount of ALDS entrapped within liposomes increased with increasing starch concentration. The stability studies confirmed the role of starch in increasing the stability of the prepared liposomes. In vitro release studies have demonstrated a relative delay in ALDS releases from the liposome core.

Ulcerogenicity studies proofed that the prepared formula has a significant gastric tolerance.


a novel liposomal formula of ALDS was developed with better tolerability. However, further clinical investigations are necessary to evaluate its therapeutic effectiveness.

Keywords : Liposome; Alendronate Sodium; starch; Ulcerogenicity studies.

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